Luxor Travel Guide
Luxor was the ancient city of Thebes, the great capital of Egypt during the New Kingdom and the glorious city of the god Amon-Ra. Thebes was also known as "the city of the 100 gates", sometimes being called "southern Heliopolis" ('Iunu-shemaa' in Ancient Egyptian), to distinguish it from the city of Iunu or Heliopolis, the main place of worship for the god Ra in the north. The importance of the city started as early as the 11th Dynasty, when the town grew into a thriving city, renowned for its high social status and luxury, but also as a center for wisdom, art, religious and political supremacy.
Luxor Museum. The Luxor Museum contains a magnificent collection of sculptures and objects - mostly from the New Kingdom - found in the region of Thebes. Built in 1975, the museum of Luxor contains a magnificent collection of sculptures and objects - mostly from the New Kingdom - found in the region of Thebes. Built in a modern, air conditioned, completely opaque, it provides conditions visit simply exceptional. It is close to that of the Nubian Museum in Aswan .. The visit takes no more than an hour and should ideally be scheduled in late afternoon, south of Luxor, home of the last monarchs of the dynasty
The temple of Luxor, dedicated to the triad of deities of Thebes, Amun, Mut and Khonsu, was connected to the first pylon of the Great Temple of Amun at Karnak by a straight dromos 2.5 km bordered by sphinxes over 700 crossing the city. It remains both ends, and an updated section at the center of the modern city.
city of Thebes to Memphis will succeed and become the capital of Upper Egypt at the end of the Old Empire, the reign of the pharaohs of the XIth and XIIth Dynasty. Opposed longstanding Heracleopolis, the capital of Lower Egypt, to realize the reunification of Thebes during the Middle Kingdom during the reign of Prince-Nebhepetre Mentuhotep I who will be buried at Deir el-Bahari. Thebes becomes the administrative and religious capital of the kingdom. About 1532 BC under the authority Ahmose. This Pharaoh founded the prestigious eighteenth dynasty that will mark the culmination of the city of Thebes, leaving behind a large number of monuments in size and impressive quality. All the kings of the New Kingdom, with the exception of Akhenaten who install power in the new city of Tell al-Amarna, resident at Thebes. Entirely built of mud brick, the city will have up to one million of population. Capital of an empire that will extend its borders as banks of the Euphrates.
Karnak temple - Luxor east Bank The Karnak is actually a complex of many temples and other buildings. The site was added by Pharaohs and Ptolemies in more than 2000 years. The largest of the complex is the Amun temple enclosure. The Temple of Karnak is actually three main temples, smaller enclosed temples, and several outer temples located about three kilometers north of Luxor, Karnak is actually the sites modern name
Kings valley - Luxor west Bank It was here that kings from 18th to 20th dynasties cut their tombs in the limestone cliffs. That was long time after their ancestors abandoned the pyramid-shape tomb. The new tomb was more safe and can deceive tomb robbers but alas! Almost all tombs were robbed and stripped from their treasures. There are about 62 tombs scattered on the sides and branches of the valley, some of which are visited more frequent than the rest. The tombs are numbered according to the order they were discovered. You'll probably find some tombs closed to the public for restorations. The most famous tombs in the valley are: Ramses IX, Merenptah, Ramesses VI, Ramses III, Ramses I, Seti I, Thutmose III, Twosret and Setnakht, Seti II, Amenhotep II, Horemheb, Tutankhamun